Select Page



National Curriculum for Geography

Each year group will plan from the National Curriculum document and will cover all of statutory requirements for that key stage. The objectives will often be revisited and reviewed in a progressive way through each year group. Please see below the learning that each key stage will cover. Exemplified objectives for each year group can be found on the class pages in the form of the half-termly topic webs.

A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth¡¦s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth¡¦s features at different scales are shaped, 
interconnected and change over time.

History, Geography and Science often provide the focus for our themed approach. The National Curriculum specifies certain topics and skills that have to be covered. These range from local studies to more wide ranging topics such as the Ancient Civilisations and geographical projects far beyond the local community. We use a practical, enquiry based approach whenever possible and place great importance on field work to stimulate children’s interest in the world. The information in brackets below gives more detail as to which year group will cover each subject.

Key stage 1

Pupils will develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They will understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

By the end of Key Stage 1, children at Newton Bluecoat will have covered the following topics:

Locational knowledge

– name and locate the world¡¦s seven continents and five oceans (year 2)

– name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas (year 1)

Place knowledge

 –  understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country (years 1 and 2)

Human and physical geography

 – identify seasonal (year 1) and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles (year 2)

 –  use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

 –  key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather (years 1 and 2)

 –  key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop (years 1 and 2)

Geographical skills and fieldwork

 – use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage (years 1 and 2)

 –  use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map (year 2)

 –  use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key (year 2)

 – use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment (years 1 and 2)


Key stage 2

Pupils will extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world¡¦s most significant human and physical features. They will develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

By the end of Key Stage 2, children at Newton Bluecoat will have covered the following:

Locational knowledge

–  locate the world¡¦s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) (year4) and North and South America (years 3, 5 and 6), concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities (all year groups)

–  name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom (year 3), geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics (year 4), key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time (year 5)

–  identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude (years 5 and 6), Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere (year 3), the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn (years 5 and 6), Arctic and Antarctic Circle (year 4), the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night) (years 5 and 6)

Place knowledge

 –  understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom (year 3), a region in a European country (year 4), and a region within North or South America (years 3, 5 and 6)

Human and physical geography

–  describe and understand key aspects of:

–  physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle (years 5 and 6)

 –  human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water (all year groups)

Geographical skills and fieldwork

 –  use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied (all KS2)

 – use the eight points of a compass (year 4), four and six-figure grid references (years 5 and  6), symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world (all year groups)

 –  use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies (all year groups)

Key Learning Objectives : Geography